The Sons of the American Revolution are direct descendants of those patriots that achieved the independence of the American people. The objectives of our organization are intended to perpetuate a more profound reverence for the principles of the government founded by our forefathers. Such were the ideals of Captain Alden Partridge, who is considered the founder of the Reserve Officer Training Corps program in the United States. He founded the ROTC because his father, Samuel Partridge, a Soldier of the Revolution had concern for the newly founded United States and its lacking a development resource for qualified military officers.
The SAR awards the ROTC Medal to foster the principle of the "citizen-soldier", exemplified by the Minutemen of Revolutionary War days. This award is presented by a Chapter, a State Society, or the National Society to ROTC or JROTC cadets who are selected for having a high degree of merit with respect to leadership qualities, military bearing and general excellence. The recipients are selected by the Commanding Officer of the ROTC or JROTC unit, who should be given full latitude in making the selection. The Silver ROTC Medal, authorized in 1933, is presented only to students in a college or university ROTC unit. The Bronze JROTC Medal was authorized in 1965, and is presented only to students in secondary school JROTC. No recipient may receive either of these more than once.
The SAR ROTC Medal is approved by the United States Army, the United States Navy, the United States Marine Corps, and the United States Air Force. Each service has notified its ROTC and JROTC units of this approval and has authorized presentation to its cadets or midshipmen. The ROTC medal is struck on a circular planchet. The obverse shows a Minuteman holding a rifle and standing next to a plow, with the Liberty Bell in the background. It is inscribed with the letters "ROTC". The reverse is inscribed "Awarded for Leadership, Soldierly Bearing and Excellence to _____________." The medal is suspended from a ribbon of the SAR Colors. A ribbon bar in the SAR colors is included and a certificate is available as well. (For ROTC or JROTC units with fewer than 500 cadets or midshipmen one medal will be awarded each year. For larger units, one medal may be presented for each 500 students enrolled in the unit. In cases where a school has more than one ROTC or JROTC unit, each unit is counted separately.)
ROTC (College) and JROTC (High School) Awards are presented at the local SAR level. Where possible, a plaque with a certificate, ribbon bar and medal will be displayed at the schools of the recipients. This serves to generate interest in the program and the SAR itself.
Enhanced JROTC Program
In 1997, President General Carl K. Hoffmann, authorized the enhancement of the JROTC program. This program has several objectives:
Identify and recognize Outstanding JROTC Cadets at the Chapter, State, and National Society levels.
Encourage SAR members to make a personal presentation of the JROTC medal to the Outstanding JROTC Student in the nation.
Encourage SAR chapters to work with JROTC units to determine how best to encourage and recognize these outstanding student citizens.
The winner of the state competition will be entered into the National Outstanding JROTC Recognition program. The winner of the national program will receive a special award at the SAR's National Congress. The National SAR award will be presented to the Outstanding Cadet in his next to last year of JROTC - a Third Year Cadet (11th grade) in a four year program. (For a three-year JROTC program, a Second Year Cadet may be selected.) Whenever possible, presentation will be made by a member of the SAR at the unit's Spring Awards program.
In addition to the medal award, a local SAR chapter may also provide a nominal monetary award. If only one unit enters the contest, that entry must go through the chapter for approval in order to advance to the state level contest.
The SAR supports all programs that encourage historical research, foster true patriotism, and maintain and extend the institutions of American freedom. We strongly support the United States ROTC/JROTC as exemplary programs of these ideals.